7 Facts about Iraq
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In this brief video you can find seven little known facts about Iraq.
More information about the video content bellow:
1. According to the Bible, Abraham was from Ur, which is in Southern Iraq. Isaac’s wife, Rebekah was from Nahor, which is also in Iraq. Additionally, according to legend, Iraq is the site of the Biblical Garden of Eden.
2. In A.D. 762, Baghdad became the capital of a vast Islamic empire ruled by the Abbasid dynasty. It was built in a perfect circle on Babylonian ruins and became the world’s center for culture and education, ushering in the “Golden Islamic Age.” During their rule, the Abbasids built the “House of Wisdom” as well as beautiful buildings and fountains. At the time Baghdad was considered to be the largest city in the world with an estimated population of 1,200,000 people.
3. Winston Churchill is responsible for Iraq’s current borders. As Britain’s colonial secretary in the 1920s, Winston Churchill created of the artificial monarchy of Iraq after World War One, forcing together unfriendly peoples—Sunni Muslim Kurds and Arabs, and Shiite Muslims—under a single ruler. This move has had violent and bloody repercussions to this day.
4. Sand and dust storms rage for 20 to 50 days each year in Iraq, mostly during the summer. Sandstorms can reach heights of 15 meters. Dust storms reach an average height of 1 to 2 km. This spectacular and dangerous phenomenon is due to the fact that almost 40% of the country is covered in an arid desert. This is in contrast with the highly fertile Mesopotamian region between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers.
5. Iraq has been in a perpetual state of war for decades. Between 1980 and 1988 Iraq and Iran have been at war, the resulting death toll estimated to be at 1.5 million. In 1990 the invasion of Kuwait led to a US military intervention. Following the First Golf War, internal unrests and revolts were counter-measured by Saddam Hussein with genocide and chemical warfare. The Second Gulf War that began in 2003 has left the country in a poor and anarchic state.
6. The region between Tigris and Euphrates River is known to be the ‘cradle of civilization’ and the ‘birthplace of writing’. Some of the earliest known civilizations were born on Iraqi lands, such as Mesopotamia, Sumer, Assyria or Babylonia. It is also the site of the Garden of Eden and it is where Noah’s Ark was built.
7. According to scientists, about 112.5 billion barrels of proven, or confirmed, crude oil are beneath the ground in Iraq. An additional 200 billion are thought to be in the ground. Although Iraq has the world’s second largest oil reserves, after Saudi Arabia, international sanctions during the 1990s and the wars have left Iraq in poverty.
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